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From epidemic to pandemic: Effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on high school program choices in Sweden (with Aino-Maija Aalto and Dagmar Müller)

We study whether the onset of the COVID-19 crisis affected the program choices of high school applicants in Sweden. Our analysis exploits the fact that the admission process consists of two stages: a preliminary round in which applicants initially rank programs in order of preference and a final round in which they can alter their preliminary rankings. In 2020, the timing of the two rounds happened to provide a unique pre- and post-crisis snapshot of applicants' preferences for various fields of study. Using school-level data on applicants' top-ranked programs for all admission rounds between 2016 and 2020, we implement a difference-in-differences method to identify the immediate effect of the crisis on demand for programs. We find no change in demand for academic programs, but a decline in top-ranked applications to some of the vocational programs. The declines are most pronounced and robust for several service-oriented programs, in particular those related to hotel and restaurant, which was the most adversely affected industry during the crisis. This finding suggests that labor market considerations influence the study choices made by relatively young students.


Link to latest version: Click here. Media coverage in Swedish: Sveriges Radio P4 Jönköping.



  1. School and parental responses to changes in student performance: evidence from school entry rules
    (with Peter Fredriksson and Björn Öckert)


  2. Peer gender composition and student outcomes in high school
    (with Aino-Maija Aalto)


  3. Talking about my genderation: The economics of gender transitions in Sweden
    (with Ian BurnEmma von Essen, and Ylva Moberg)

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